Given that the average cost of highway miles over two million euros, its protection is very necessary. The means for the protection of public road are as follows
a) Prohibited Advertising
Outside the urban sections of state highways is forbidden to advertise in any place visible from the public area of the road, although this prohibition in no case entitled to compensation.
[:]b) The area of public domain
Public domain land occupied by state highways and functional elements and a strip of land eight feet wide in highways, roads and highways, and three meters in the rest of the roads on either side of the road measured in horizontal and perpendicular to the axis thereof, from the outer edge of the earthworks.
Is a functional element of a highway any area permanently affects the conservation of, or the operation of public service roads, such as those designed to break, parking, assistance and medical attention, weighing, bus stops and other ancillary purposes or complementary.
c) Bonded Zone
The easement area of state roads consist of two strips of land on both sides of the same, bounded internally by the public domain area defined above and outside by two parallel lines to the outside edges of the excavation at a distance of 25 meters in highways, roads and expressways, and eight feet in the rest of the road, measured from those edges.
In the easement area can not be work or allow more applications than those that are compatible with road safety, prior authorization, in any case, the Ministry of Development
d) Zone of affection
The area of involvement of a state highway will consist of two strips of land on both sides of the same, bounded internally by the easement area and outside by two parallel lines to the outside edges of the excavation at a distance of 100 meters on highways, highways and expressways, and 50 meters in the rest of the road, measured from those edges.
To run condition in the area of works and any fixed or temporary installations, changing the use or destination of the same plant or cut trees and require prior authorization from the Ministry of Development.
e) construction limit line
On both sides of state highways establishing the boundary line of building, from which the road is prohibited to any construction, reconstruction or enlargement, except for those found to be essential for the conservation and maintenance of existing buildings .
Building boundary line is located at 50 meters in highways, roads and highways and 25 meters in the rest of the roads in the outer edge of the roadway nearest, measured horizontally from the ridge above. It is understood that the outer edge of the roadway is the outer edge of the road intended for the movement of vehicles in general.